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Dan Kelchner English......Mr Krucli
act 4 questions
all quiet on the western front
julius caeser
Literature Assignments
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In his argument with Cassius in Act IV scene 3, Brutus refers to Caesar in terms of both praise and censure. Find the speech and decide whether


a. the praise is consistent with earlier references to Caesar’s qualities and


"Did not great Julius bleed for justice' sake?"


The praise is not consistent with earlier references.


b. whether the criticism is so major that Brutus should have mentioned it earlier.


The criticism should have been mentioned earlier because Brutus refers Caesar and a noble man.


10. The quarrel scene (Act IV Scene 2) has been belittled by the critic Thomas Rymer in the seventeenth century; praised by John Dryden, his contemporary, for its “masculinity” in the eighteenth century; admired as an example of dramatic genius in the nineteenth century (by Samuel Taylor Coleridge); and dismissed as irrelevant by twentieth century critic Henry Bradley. Read it carefully and decide for yourself


a. Whether Brutus is (i) unrealistic in expecting his allies always to act honorably or (ii) admirable in his inflexible attitude toward corruption.


(ii) admirable in his inflexible attitude toward corruption.


b. Whether Brutus is (i) arrogant and insensitive towards Cassius at the beginning of the quarrel or (ii) properly firm and uncompromising.


(ii) properly firm and uncompromising.


c. Whether Brutus is (i) taunts Cassius or (ii) refuses to be browbeaten by him (Explain your answer)


(ii) refuses to be browbeaten by him


d. Whether Brutus is (i) insultingly cold or (ii) admirable forthright


(ii) admirable forthright


e. Whether Brutus is (i) sober form …”hides wrongs” or (ii) whether he is “armed so strong in honesty” that he cannot compromise.


(ii) whether he is “armed so strong in honesty”


Form an opinion of your own about the character of Brutus as it is revealed in the quarrel with Cassius from its beginning to its height.


10. The quarrel scene (Act IV Scene 3) shows Cassius in many moods.


a. choleric: what are the reasons for his anger, and are they justified?


Cassius was angry because Brutus publicly announced that Lucius Pella for taking bribes.


b. tormented: how does Brutus provoke him , and what does Cassius’s restraint reveal about his personality?


Brutus laughs at Cassius whenever he shows his emotions and Cassius not doing anything shows that he may be afraid of Caesar.


c. passionate: does the passion throw a new light on his character?


The passion does throw a new light on the character because


d. affectionate: how does this show and is it surprising?


Cassius says that he will stab himself and this is not surprising because this is what Cassius always says when things go wrong for him.


e. jocular: which episode brings out a flash of humor, and what is its purpose?


When the poet comes in and tells Brutus and Cassius should love and be friends. The purpose was lighten the mood.


f. sympathetically emotional: would you have expected him to react  to Portia’s death in the way he does? How does it compare with Brutus’s own response?


I would have expected Cassius to act way he did to show his sympathy towards Brutus’s loss. Brutus does not seem as surprised as Cassius was.


g. dependent: what evidence is there to show that in his relationship with Brutus, there is another side to Cassius than the one presented before the assassination?


Cassius relenting and agreeing to march to Philippi shows that he can be weak when he is with Brutus.



 Hamartia - consisting of a simple mistake or a weakness of character which causes them to suffer


 -Brutus was too honorable and naïve about people surrounding him. Before he dies, he says no one has ever lied to him. It was his tragic flaw.


 Periptiea- reversal of fortune or fall from high to low


- After Brutus kills Caesar, his wife passes away, he comes down from Sardis to Phillipi to battle, Cassius kills himself, and in the end Brutus does as well


 Anagnorisis – recognition


 -Brutus undergoes anagnorisis when he speaks of what a great leader and person Caesar was, and blames Cassius for his killing.


 Catharsis - purgation of pity and fear


- Brutus was a good person, and very noble, but one mistake lead to many tragedies. The question the audience asks themselves is do bad things happen to good people? 

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