In his argument with Cassius in Act IV scene
Brutus refers to Caesar in terms of both praise and censure. Find the speech
and decide whether
a. the praise is consistent with earlier references
to Caesar’s qualities and
"Did not great
Julius bleed for justice' sake?"
The praise is not consistent with earlier references.
b. whether the criticism is so major that
should have mentioned it earlier.
The criticism should have been mentioned earlier
because Brutus refers Caesar and a noble man.
10. The quarrel scene (Act IV Scene 2) has
belittled by the critic Thomas Rymer in the seventeenth century; praised by
John Dryden, his contemporary, for its “masculinity” in the eighteenth century;
admired as an example of dramatic genius in the nineteenth century (by Samuel
Taylor Coleridge); and dismissed as irrelevant by twentieth century critic
Henry Bradley. Read it carefully and decide for yourself
a. Whether Brutus is (i) unrealistic in expecting
his allies always to act honorably or (ii) admirable in his inflexible attitude
(ii) admirable in his inflexible attitude toward
b. Whether Brutus is (i) arrogant and insensitive
towards Cassius at the beginning of the quarrel or (ii) properly firm and
(ii) properly firm and uncompromising.
c. Whether Brutus is (i) taunts Cassius or
refuses to be browbeaten by him (Explain your answer)
(ii) refuses to be browbeaten by him
d. Whether Brutus is (i) insultingly cold
(ii) admirable forthright
e. Whether Brutus is (i) sober form …”hides
or (ii) whether he is “armed so strong in honesty” that he cannot compromise.
(ii) whether he is “armed so strong in honesty”
Form an opinion of your own about the character
Brutus as it is revealed in the quarrel with Cassius from its beginning to its
10. The quarrel scene (Act IV Scene 3) shows
in many moods.
a. choleric: what are the reasons for his
are they justified?
Cassius was angry because Brutus publicly announced
that Lucius Pella for taking bribes.
b. tormented: how does Brutus provoke him
, and what
does Cassius’s restraint reveal about his personality?
Brutus laughs at Cassius whenever he shows his
emotions and Cassius not doing anything shows that he may be afraid of Caesar.
c. passionate: does the passion throw a new
The passion does throw a new light on the character
d. affectionate: how does this show and is
Cassius says that he will stab himself and this is not
surprising because this is what Cassius always says when things go wrong for
e. jocular: which episode brings out a flash
humor, and what is its purpose?
When the poet comes in and tells Brutus and Cassius
should love and be friends. The purpose was lighten the mood.
f. sympathetically emotional: would you have
expected him to react to Portia’s death in the way he does? How does it
compare with Brutus’s own response?
I would have expected Cassius to act way he did to
show his sympathy towards Brutus’s loss. Brutus does not seem as surprised as
g. dependent: what evidence is there to show
his relationship with Brutus, there is another side to Cassius than the one
presented before the assassination?
Cassius relenting and agreeing to march to Philippi
shows that he can be weak when he is with Brutus.
Hamartia - consisting of a simple mistake or a
weakness of character which causes them to suffer
-Brutus was too honorable and naïve about people
surrounding him. Before he dies, he says no one has ever lied to him. It was
his tragic flaw.
Periptiea- reversal of fortune or fall from high
- After Brutus kills Caesar, his wife passes away, he
comes down from Sardis to Phillipi to battle, Cassius kills himself, and in the
end Brutus does as well
Anagnorisis – recognition
-Brutus undergoes anagnorisis when he speaks of
what a great leader and person Caesar was, and blames Cassius for his killing.
Catharsis - purgation of pity and fear
Brutus was a good person, and very noble, but one mistake lead to many
tragedies. The question the audience asks themselves is do bad things happen to