Annul- to cancel or invalidate.
Gravity-The force that tends to pull one mass or
Patron-person who provides financial support for
Perspective-artistic technique used to give drawings
a three dimensional effect.
Theocracy-government run by the church leaders.
John Calvin was a priest and a lawyer who helped lead
protesant to a reformation of the catholic church. Calvinists were the
followers of calvin, they helped spread calvins ideas all over Europe.
Fought with the pop at the time for an divorce of his
marriage. Henery then changed the laws through the parliament and appointed
Thomas crammer as archbishop so he could have an divorce.
Leonardo de Vinci-
Was a artist inventer and an anatomist. He created many
drawings of the human body in fin detail. He painted the mona lisa.
Lorenzo de' Medici
Came from a wealthy banking
family. He was able to aid the artists during this time.
Had served florance as a diplomat.
He studied ancient roman history. He saw himself as an enemy of oppression and
Heliocentric-based on the belief that the sun is the center
of the universe.
Humanism-intellectual movement at the heart of intalian
renaissance that focused on worldly subjects rather the on religious issues.
Indulgence-in the roman catholic church pardon fro sins
during a persons life time.
Predestination- idea that God long ago determined
who will gain
Recant-to give up ones views or beliefs.
Copenicus- he was a scientist
methods in painting engraving and prints that portray religious upheaval of his
age. He also helped spread Italian renissance ideas in his homeland.
Luther-he was a protestant of the church in 1517
he started a
revolt against the church he had 95 reforms and posted them on the church door
Newton- discovered the theory of gravity.
Petrarch-in the Byzantine empire it was the highest
official in the major city. During this time patriarch made many of the rulers.
printing of reformation- once the printing press
discovered people worked hard to print the books that had been previously hand
results of Reformation-Europe was becoming corrupt.
causes of Renaissance-The philosophers decided to
consentrate more on the arts and music then the spiritual world.
Hobbes-a European thinker that thought that peole
by selfishness and greed. To avoid chaos, they give up their freedom to a
government that will ensure order. Such a government must be strong ans able to
Locke- a European political thinker that thought
a natural right to life, liberty and property. Tulers have a responsibility to
protect those rights. People have the right to change a government that fails
to do so.
Joseph II-changed the way of government by
taking up enlightened ideas
constitional govt.-a government whose power is
defined and limited by law.
enlightened despot- an apsolute ruler who uses
his or her power to bring about political and social change.
natural laws-rules that govern human nature.
natural rights-rights that belong to all
humans from birth.
Physiocrat-an enlightenment thinker who searched for
to explain economics.
Bach- a famous pianist.
Diderot-he changed changed the general way of thinking
explaining on government philosophy and religion.
Tom Paine-echoed the themes of the enlightenment. He
ancient prejudice and tyranny while appealing to reason.
Rousseau-european political thinker that thought the
basically good but become corrupted by society. In an ideal society, people
would make the laws and would obey them willingly.
molded then continent
landowning aristocrats were seen as the “natural”
Baroque-ornate style of art and architecture popular
1600’s and 1700s.
free market- market in which goods are bought and sold
laissez faire-policy allowing business to
operate with little
or no government interference.
Salon-infermation social gathering at which writers,
and philosophers exchanged ideas.
france in the 1600s
social contract- agreement by which people
give up their freedom
to a powerful government in order to avoid chaos.