WAR I STUDY GUIDE
write two meaningful sentences that are related to each of the following terms. One can be a definition and
the other an example or
two of the
terms relevance from the text.
This discipline insures that you have
improved comprehension and
command of the material. (Remember to double space between
terms for easier viewing).
Militarism-Glorification of the military. Under militerism
the military and rediness for war came to dominate national policy.
Final Set of demands.
statement, especially in diplomatic negotiations, that expresses or implies the
threat of serious penalties if the terms are not accepted.
to prepare military forces
war. Russia mobilized its troops so they could deploy them at a moments notice.
policy of supporting
side in a war. The US neutrality was a major issue in WWI
war- The channeling of
nations entire resources into a war effort. This is what all nations did In WWI
when they relized that war was inevidible.
Propaganda-`the spreading of ideas to promote a certain
cause or to damage an opposing cause. Propaganda was used by a nation ot get a
different nation to support it.
Atrocity-A Brutil act against innocent people. Germany
often made atrocitious attacks of france and britan.
agreement to end fighting
war. Armistice was sought out by the german government when they relized that
victory could not be attained.
payment for a wars damages.
The US paid for japan to rebuild after they dropped the atomic bomb.
After WWI a territory that was
administered by a western power
Edith Cavell- a british nurse that ran a
red cross hospital in belguim even after germany invaded. When the germans
discovered that she was helping allied prisoners esape, they shot her as a spy.
for his fierce war policy. His chief goal was to weaken tgermany so that it
could never again threaten france.
Nobel- The inventer of
dynamite. Ashamed of his invention so he started the nobel prize.
Princip-the guy that
assassinated the arch duke. He was only 19.
Sarajevo-the city where the arch duke was assassinated.
It’s a crazy place.
Wilson- the American
during WWI. Developed the 14 points of peace.
Fourteen Points Points) The
for peace were as follows: (1) abolition of secret diplomacy by open covenants,
openly arrived at; (2) freedom of the seas in peace and war, except as the seas
may be closed in whole or part by international action for enforcement of
international covenants; (3) removal of international trade barriers wherever
possible and establishment of an equality of trade conditions among the nations
consenting to the peace; (4) reduction of armaments consistent with public
safety; (5) adjustment of colonial disputes consistent with the interests of
both the controlling government and the colonial population; (6) evacuation of
Russian territory, with the proviso of self-determination; (7) evacuation and
restoration of Belgium; (8) evacuation and restoration of French territory,
including Alsace-Lorraine; (9) readjustment of Italian frontiers along clearly
recognizable lines of nationality; (10) autonomy for the peoples of
Austria-Hungary; (11) evacuation and restoration of territory to Serbia,
Montenegro, and Romania, granting of seaports to Serbia, and readjustment and
international guarantee of the national ambitions of the Balkan nations; (12)
self-determination for non-Turkish peoples under Turkish control and
internationalization of the Dardanelles; (13) an independent Poland, with
access to the sea; and (14) creation of a general association of nations under
specific covenants to give mutual guarantees of political independence and
Ferdinand- The archduke
Austria. His assaination somewhat sparked WWI.
William II- The emporer
Germany and the king of Prussia. His policies his policies brought about WWI
Von Sutner- A Austrian
and a peace activist. She won the nobel prize in 1905.
Alliance- concluded may
1882. It united italy, Austria-hungry and germany but was not considered
Empire- Until WWI the
empire was flourishing. After it fell and its territory was carved into
provinces of other nations that eventually became self governing.
warfare- warfare conducted
using a form of field fortification consisting fo parallel rows of trenches.
Trench warfare was used extensively in WWI.
gun (role it played in WWI)-Machine
guns were not the main weapons of british soldiers. They needed between 4-6 men
to man them in 1914 and had to be positioned on a flat surface. The new machine
guns could fire up to 400 rounds per minute and they had the fire power of
almost 100 guns.
(role it played in WWI)-just
few years after the first flight airplanes were used for war purposes. Planes
were used as bombers in which the pilot actually dropped the bomb or a crude
lever system as well as shooting down other nations pilots.
of women in WWI- Before
women stayed at home to cook and care for children. During the war however they
were sent to work as part of the daily worforce sometimes doing industrial work
that wupprorted the war effort.
(ie. tension between France and Germany)- both france and germany had extreme sence of nationalism so they
were always butting heads. When Ferdinand was assassinated it enraged the
French and further sparked the scuffle to the point of war.
Peace Conference- ver
important in WWI. It was here that the treaty of Versailles was signed ending
WWI between germany and the allies.
Europeans faced war on an unprecedented scale, the neutrality of the united
states gradually slipped away. On may 7 1915 a german submarine attackeda a
british passenger liner the lusitania killing for than a thousand people
including 128 americans.
Hand- a terrorist group
organized by bosia serbs. Principe joined this group before the assassination
of francis Ferdinand. This group who was also involved in organizing all south
slav people into a single nation was also known as unity or Death.
of Versailles-The Treaty
Versailles was singed at the paris peace conference. It ended the fighting
between germany and the allies.
people to determine their own form of government. The Allies used this
principle to add to their existing overseas empires by creating a system of
Plan- Was develoed by
Alfred von shleiffen and allowed germany to avoid two front war. He relized
that Germanys military would be slow to mobilized. Under his plan germany had
to first defeat france quickly.
boat-German U boats were
submarines used to launch torpedoes at enemy ships. U boats led many attacks on
innocent merchant ships, which was one major reason the US joined the war.
Lusitania-Almost 1,200 people, including 128 Americans,
were killed on the British liner the Lusitania. The Germans, after torpedoing
the ship, justified the attack by arguing that it was carrying weapons, this
urged the US into war.
Armistice-An armistice is an agreement that ends
fighting. On November 11, 1918, Germany sought an armistice with the Allies,
which eventually ended the war.
Mandate-Mandates are territories that were administered
by western powers. The German colonies in Africa and Ottoman lands in the
Middle East were gained by Britain and France after the w
payments for war damage. The Allies tried to blame the conflict on their
defeated enemies and insisted that they make war reparations and pay in full
for the damages caused during the war.
front-On the western
both sides burrowed in a vast system of trenches. No man’s land was the area in
between trenches. With the new developments, such as machine guns, not very
many men made it past this area.
front-On the eastern
battle lines swayed back and forth, usually over large areas. However, there
were fewer casualties than on the more brutal Western front.
Verdun-The Battle of Verdun was one of the bloodiest
battles of the war. Over 2 million people fought in the town of Verdun on
February 21, 1916.
Battle of Marne- In
the first battle at Marne on September 6,
1914, advances made by the Germans to Paris were stopped by the Allies, and the
Germans retreated and abandoned the Shleiffen plan. On the second battle in
July of 1918, the German army took a major blow before they were destroyed by