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37.final exam study guide  inal Exam Study Guide

Chapter 27

Militarism: glorification of the ideals of a professional military class. Under militarism, the armed forces and readiness for war came to dominate national policy

Ultimatum: statement, especially in diplomatic negotiations, that expresses or implies the threat of serious penalties if the terms are not accepted. The ultimatum said that in order to end war, Serbia must end all anti-Austrian agitation and punish any Serbian official involved in the murder plot.

Mobilize: to assemble, prepare, or put into operation for or as if for war: organize the troops. Russia mobilized its troop in order to deploy them at a moments notice.

Neutrality: the state or policy of being neutral, especially nonparticipation in war. For a short time Italy was neutral, but mainly the US neutrality was a major issue of World War I.

Total war: the channeling of a nation’s entire resources into a war effort. This is what all nations in WWI did when they realized the war was inevitable.

Propaganda: systematic propagation of a doctrine or cause or of information reflecting the views and interests of those advocating such a doctrine or cause. Propaganda was often used by one nation to persuade a nation to support it.

Atrocity: An atrocity is an act against an innocent people. Germany often made atrocious attacks on the French and British.

Armistice: temporary cessation of fighting by mutual consent; a truce. Armistice was sought out by the German government when they realized that victory could not be attained.

Reparations: compensation or remuneration required from a defeated nation as indemnity for damage or injury during a war. The Allies blamed their economic suffering on the Germans, and thus demanded reparations.

Mandate: Definition: assign (a colony or territory) to a specified nation under a mandate. Britain and France gained mandates over German colonies in Africa and Ottoman lands in the Middle East.

Edith Cavell: Cavell was a British nurse born in Swardeston, England. She ran a Red Cross hospital in Belgium even after the German invasion.

Georges Clemenceau: Georges was a French politician who served as premier. He played a key role in negotiating the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.

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